List of StEP Members
StEP Members 2018
Academia and Research
EMPA is the materials science and technology institute of the Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology (ETH domain). The team "CARE-Critical Materials and Resource Efficiency" conducts research on e-waste related issues on national and European level, is auditing Swiss e-waste recycling companies since 1994 and is since 2001 involved in international development cooperation projects on e-waste management in Africa, Asia and Latin-America mandated by the Swiss Government, UN organizations and OEMs. see: www.empa.ch/care
Griffith University’s E-waste Research Group is headed by Dr Sunil Herat, a leading researcher in the sustainable management of electronic waste worldwide. Widely regarded as one of Australia’s most innovative tertiary institutions and one of the Asia–Pacific region’s most influential universities, Griffith University hosts the largest group of environmental professionals in any university in Australia, and amongst the largest in the world. As a University focused on multidisciplinary teaching and research, Griffith has a strong focus on environmental management and engineering. It was recently selected as the headquarters of the Australian Government's National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility, recognising the University’s leadership since establishing Australia’s first university School of Environmental Studies 30 years ago.
The Materials Systems Laboratory (MSL) is an interdisciplinary group that studies the strategic implications of materials and materials processing choices by modeling the economic and environmental consequences of engineering decisions. It resides within the Department of Materials Science & Engineering and the Engineering Systems Division and includes researchers from the Center for Technology, Policy & Industrial Development and the Laboratory for Energy and the Environment. MSL is involved in research areas such as automotive lightweighting, electronics recycling, environmental pressures on supply chains and the cost-competitiveness of optoelectronics.
Josh Lepawsky is leading a research project called Mapping the International Trade and Traffic of Electronic Waste. The research is organized around the following kinds of questions:
- How much and what kind of e-waste is exported from Canada and where does it go?
- How are the licit and illicit trade networks for e-waste formed and organized?
- Where, by whom, and under what conditions is e-waste processed domestically and abroad after it is exported from Canada?
- How do the domestic and international divisions of labour involved in e-waste processing contribute to the capture and/or creation of value from waste?
- How do the emerging patterns of e-waste legislation strategically use and represent the geographies of ‘waste’ and ‘value’? What are the implications of those representations for policy and practice?
- How do materials designated as ‘e-waste’ in one place become sources of ‘value’ elsewhere? More can be learned from the following links:
The National Center for Electronics Recycling (NCER) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization formed in 2005 that is dedicated to the development and enhancement of a national infrastructure for the recycling of used electronics in the U.S. through 1) the coordination of initiatives targeting the recycling of used electronics in the United States, 2) participation in pilot projects to advance and encourage electronics recycling, and 3) the development of programs that reduce the burden of government through private management of electronics recycling systems. At the local level, the NCER has spearheaded an electronics recycling initiative in the state of West Virginia, which has increased awareness in the state, prevented hundreds of thousands of pounds of electronics from entering state landfills, and helped spur the local recycling industry.
Shanghai Collaborative Innovation Centre for WEEE Recycling，granted by Shanghai Municipal Government in 2012, is a platform that embraces the joint efforts from industries, academics, and governments with the aim to improve WEEE management and recycling in China. The centre is based in Shanghai Second Polytechnic University, which is known for its pioneering work of higher education and research programs related to WEEE. It has five divisions dedicated respectively to legislation and standardization governing WEEE management and recycling, eco-design and remanufacture of electronic products, R&D of recycling technology and equipment, and as well as life cycle assessment and management.
SERI works to create a world where electronic products are reused and
recycled in a way that promotes resource preservation, the health and safety of
the natural environment, communities around the world, and workers involved
in the reuse and recycling of electronic products. SERI is committed to the
advancement of the R2 Standard for responsible electronics, efforts to
harmonize best practices in electronics management, and active stakeholder
engagement to achieve comprehensive solutions to sustainability challenges in
the electronics reuse and recycling industries.
The education at the Chair of Solid Waste Management has the primary task ofcreating a process-understanding for waste management activities and to describetheir influence on the material and financial resources. The three thematic pillars of the teaching concept are:
- the technical / engineering principles
- the economic and legal frameworks and the organizational management tools
- scientific understanding of chemical reactions and mass transfer
The department of Product- and Life-Cycle-Management at the Institute of Machine Tools and Production Technology, Technical University Braunschweig focusses its research activities on a product- and process-related view on the entire life-cycle. Measures can show a rather strategic character (e.g. in developing a life cycle oriented product strategy), they can cause design changes in products and processes (e.g. product design suitable for assembly or dismantling), they can contain planning and organizational measures (e.g. Supply Chain Management), or they can enable the information- and knowledge exchange between product life cycle phases by IT-linking (e.g. product data management). Research related to e-waste has been part of the activities of the department for over a decade from the point of view of product assessment in the design stage as well as in terms of design, planning and management of processes and systems in the end-of-life phase.
The University of Limerick (UL) was established in 1972 as the National Institute for Higher Education, Limerick and classified as the University of Limerick in 1989. UL is an independent, internationally focussed university with over 10,500 students and 1,200 staff. It is a young, energetic and enterprising university with a proud record of innovation in education and excellence in research and scholarship. Its mission is to promote and advance learning and knowledge through teaching, research and scholarship in an environment which encourages innovation and upholds the principals of free enquiry and expression. Particular attention is paid to the generation of knowledge which is relevant to the needs of Irelands continuing socio-economic development. The University is situated on a superb riverside campus of over 131 hectares with the River Shannon as a unifying focal point. Outstanding recreational, cultural and sporting facilities further enhance this exceptional learning and working environment.
The Centre for Sustainable Wastes Management, the University of Northampton (UoN), has an international reputation for sustainable wastes management and is acknowledged as the UK centre of excellence. This reputation has been gained through high quality deliverables working with local, national and international partners. The university worked with the Basel Convention Regional Coordinating Centre for Africa for Training and Technology Transfer, (based at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria) to develop and deliver training to the formal and informal sector e-waste recyclers in Nigeria to build capacity. The training was designed to show ways of getting added value from e-waste without damaging the environment or human health. Learning material was supplied to all representatives of all of these organisations who attended the sessions, and are now able to train others on environmentally sound management of e-waste. We are working with key stakeholders to help build capacity and infrastructure in Africa.
The department focuses on technically sound solutions to global social and environmental problems. Our research teams working on ‘Waste & Resource Management’ and ‘Product Assessment and Design’ have ongoing projects on critical resources in waste stream; waste sorting and recycling technologies, resource recovery from electronic waste and design for End-of-Life. We have been working together with private companies, organizations and institutions in various projects that deal with critical resources and rear earth elements, flow mapping and quantification of WEEE, identification of potential automated and sensor-based sorting in WEEE pre-processing.
Governmental organization and Development Corporation
Working efficiently, effectively and in a spirit of partnership, GIZ supports people and societies in developing, transition and industrialised countries in shaping their own futures and improving living conditions. Established on 1 January 2011, it brings together under one roof the long-standing expertise of the Deutscher Entwicklungsdienst (DED) gGmbH (German Development Service), the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH (German technical cooperation) and Inwent – Capacity Building International, Germany. We support our partners by offering demand-driven, tailor-made and effective services for sustainable development. We operate in many fields, including economic development and employment; governance and democracy; security, reconstruction, peace building and civil conflict transformation; food security, health and basic education; and environmental protection, resource conservation and climate change mitigation.
Office of Waste Disposal Management, Waste Management and Recycling Department, Ministry of the Environment works for international programmes on the environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes including E-waste. In particular we work for the Basel Convention and its relevant programmes, such as the Asian E-waste project and the Asian Network for Prevention of Illegal Transboundary Movement of Hazardous wastes. We hope to further work on the E-waste issues with international organizations, such as the StEP Initiative and the Basel Convention toward implementation of the environmentally sound management of E-waste at international level.
Based in Washington, DC, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) of the United States utilizes regional offices and laboratories across the United States to support its mission to protect human health and the environment. Because of the growing nature of the problem, proper management of both domestic and international used electronics and e-waste is an important issue for EPA -- and the entire United States government. In July 2011, the United States released its National Strategy for Electronics Stewardship, which details the federal government’s plan to enhance the management of electronics throughout the product lifecycle. EPA is focused on incentivizing greener design of electronics, having the federal government lead by example, increasing domestic recycling, and reducing harm from U.S. exports of e-waste to developing countries. Partnering with international organizations, especially StEP, allows EPA to share ideas and learn from the many experts engaged in addressing the e-waste problem.
Manufacturer/Assembler/Purchaser and other Business
E-Titanium has been focusing on solid waste and recycling technology field research and study in past 12 years, helping government sectors and industries to develop a sustainable society. Our main professional work includes recycling system establishment, EPR system design, waste treatment technology development, and recycling incentive design. Moreover, we have been joining " Corporate Green Competitiveness Alliance" to participate environmental- friendly design and material research to hope to bring new thinking strategies for ICT industries.
GeSI is an international strategic partnership of ICT companies and industry associations committed to creating and promoting technologies and practices that foster economic, environmental and social sustainability, and drive economic growth and productivity. Formed in 2001, GeSI fosters global and open cooperation, informs the public of its members’ voluntary actions to improve their sustainability performance, and promotes technologies that foster sustainable development.
MicroPro Computers is a wholly owned Irish Company with its headquarters in Dublin, carrying the Guaranteed Irish Logo, ISO 14001 and ISO 9001 certifications and is established over 19 years. We have developed an eco-friendly computer (iameco) for which we hope to achieve the world’s first European Eco Label shortly.
Microsoft was founded in 1975, Microsoft (Nasdaq “MSFT”) is the worldwide leader in software, services, devices and solutions that help people and businesses realize their full potential.
The Microsoft Devices Group includes award-winning hardware used by over a billion people around the world, including Xbox hardware, Surface, Perceptive Pixel products, and accessories.
Microsoft devices group takes environmental efficiency into account in all stages of product lifecycle. We focus on substance management, energy efficiency, take back and recycling towards . This aims for minimal environmental impact from start to finish, beginning with the extraction of raw materials and ending with recycling, waste treatment, and the reintroduction of recovered materials into the economic system. In order for us to carry out our own responsibilities we need others in the value chain, like consumers and retailers, to commit to responsible recycling of devices. Co-operation is needed to eventually lead to a situation where significant drivers for environmentally optimized product design enabling easier recycling would become commonplace, bringing further benefits for consumers, producers and the environment.
Royal Philips Electronics of the Netherlands is a global leader in healthcare, lifestyle and technology, delivering products, services and solutions through the brand promise of “sense and simplicity”. Sustainability is an integral part of the way Philips does business. Philips wants to be a company that simplifies solutions for complex issues like sustainable development. To do that, Philips seeks new innovations to improve people’s lives in all of the worlds markets.
The Centre for Environment and Development (CEDARE), is an international organization established in 1992, in response to the convention adopted by the Council of Arab Ministers Responsible for the Environment, in Damascus 1991. CEDARE is based in Cairo, Egypt. Cedare is governed by a high-level Board of Trustees, comprising environmental policy and decision leaders from the Arab world, Europe and the international community. It works in close partnership with governments, United Nations entities, international organizations, governmental organizations, business, private sector, media, and civil society at large. In line with CEDARE's vision of Environment for Development, CEDARE promotes environmental economical E-waste management in the Arab region, in cooperation with the international community.
The RELAC Platform is a regional, multi-sectoral network for Latin America and the Caribbean which aims at promoting sustainable WEEE management focusing on its environmental, economic and social aspects and taking into account the particularities and circumstances of the Region. The network serves as a focal point for information exchange about WEEE management in Latin America and carries out multi-sectoral and multi-national projects which contribute to the development of harmonized solutions.
The Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) is the Pacific region’s major intergovernmental organisation charged with protecting and managing the environment and natural resources. It is based in Apia, Samoa, and works with and on behalf of its 25 Member countries and territories to improve the Pacific environment and to ensure sustainable development for present and future generations. Key areas of activity for SPREP include development of a regional EWaste management strategy and action plan, and support and co-ordination of national Ewaste inventories and cleanups.
Solidarité Technologique (ST) is a French based NGO promoting sustainable technological development in developing countries. From 2011 to 2014 ST carried out a pilot e-waste recycling project in Cameroon and contributed to Africa’s first-ever e-waste legislation in Cameroon in 2012. Based on that experience, ST elaborated a business model relying on both refurbishing and recycling of e-waste which could theoretically secure economic viability at a certain volumes without the need of an EPR-style eco-levy scheme. To test that model, ST collaborated with other entities to set-up the WEEECAM project, which started 2017 with the goal of implementing a large scale e-waste recycling scheme in the cities of Yaoundé and Douala, aiming to reach a volume at 5.000t / year of recycled e-waste by 2022.
WorldLoop is an international non-profit committed to offsetting the negative impact of ICT4Dev projects in developing countries by acting as a catalyst and a network, supporting environmentally sound e-waste recycling practices in these regions.
WorldLoop raises awareness about the e-waste, sets up and act as a quality label for recycling centres in developing countries and collaborates with stakeholders to support these facilities to become self-sustaining.
By linking together actors involved in e-waste collection, dismantling, recycling, disposal, transport and logistics, while providing support, best practices and oversight to these facilities WorldLoop turns e-waste into sustainable, human and economic resources.
Datec Technolgies Ltd., based in Kllwinning, Scotland, we are owned by Belmont Trading and Sipi Metals of the US who have excellent credentials in the fields of component recovery/remarketing and precious metal refining respectively. Datec’s core competence is in the recycling and asset management of redundant/excess/end-of-life electronics within EMEA. Within this core competence we include populated printed circuit board recycling where we recover value from the board precious metal content and remarket recoverable chips. Linked to this are our services for the recycling of complete from production waste to take back schemes, EOL products/systems, such as servers, PCs, monitors, telecommunication mainframes, mobile phones, batteries; down to component level (excess/surplus and inactive passive and active component inventories), stock evaluation and returns, serial number/item inclusive with comprehensive reporting. Environmental Excellence in the provision of wall-to-wall electronics recycling solutions is what we demonstrate to our customers. Datec also operates its own PCS WEEE scheme for the UK.
The general corporate purpose of the D.R.Z. as a social enterprise is the integration of long-unemployed persons into the labour market via temporary job contracts. On an operational level the D.R.Z. is recycling company for WEEE, doing manual dismantling and reuse of electronic applicances in cooperation and as a service for the city administration of Vienna.
Reverse Logistics Group Americas (RLGA) was created to remove the complexity of take-back regulatory compliance over multiple governmental jurisdictions by providing cost-efficient, environmentally sound solutions that meet all legislative obligations and customer requirements. RLGA’s Take-back and Regulatory Compliance System will provide overall management of our customer’s obligations and needs in this area while respecting the environment and fulfilling governmental regulations. At the same time, our system will minimize costs and eliminate the complexity for the manufacturers. The services include, among others, the setup, management and operation of take-back and recycling systems for electronics no longer desired by their owner. Our vision is to provide environmentally and economically sound take-back and regulatory compliance services for electronics manufacturers with obligations in the Americas. The company is located in Fremont, CA.
Vertmonde is an organization dedicated to the design and application of innovative mechanisms to prevent and control pollution, promoting sustainable development and helping improve people’s quality of life. It’s main project is the E-waste recycling program in Ecuador, by setting up the first recycling facility in Quito in the year 2009; where consumer electronics, computing and network equipment, appliances with a specialization in refrigeration equipment, as well as fluorescent lamp, bulbs and batteries are being processed. Every process has been designed to maximize the recovery of materials, emphasizing on an environmental responsible treatment and disposal of hazardous components such as those containing heavy metals, CFC gases, and other toxic substances.
UN Organisations and Affiliated
The Basel Convention Coordinating Centre for Asia and the Pacific (BCRC China), a national institution with regional role, was established in 1997. It is one of the fourteen Basel Convention Regional and Coordinating Centers in the world as well as the only coordinating center in Asia-Pacific Region, and it is also one of the eight regional centres of Stockholm Convention. It serves all Parties to Basel Convention in Asia-Pacific Region. BCRC China is established on the basis of the China National Center for Hazardous Waste Management Training and Technology Transfer, which was established in June 26, 1993. BCRC China is supervised by the Secretariat of the Basel Convention, supported by Ministry of Environmental Protection and located in and hosted by Tsinghua University. The role of the Centre is to assist developing countries and countries with economies in transition, within Asia and the Pacific region, through capacity building for the environmentally sound management to achieve the fulfillment of the objectives of the Convention. The core functions of the Centre are training, technology transfer, information, consulting and awareness. E-waste management and treatment technology has been one of main fields focused by BCRC China since it was established. BCRC China has been improving E-waste management and treatment technology at both national and regional level through policy research, technology development, demonstration project and capacity building. Except for that, BCRC China is also trying to develop the information/technology platform through organizing the annual international conference on waste management and technology and other related regional workshops with putting e-wastes as hot topic.
Basel Convention Coordinating Centre for Training & Technology Transfer for the African Region (BCCC-Africa) is both a National Institution and a Regional Center of Excellence for Training and Technology Transfer in hazardous waste management in the African Region. The Center was established by the decision of the Federal Government of Nigeria in September 1994 as the Federal Ministry of Environment, FMENV (formerly Federal Environmental Protection Agency, FEPA) – University of Ibadan Linkage Center for Cleaner Production Technology and Hazardous Waste Management. It was also given the mandate to serve as the Basel Convention Coordinating Center for Training and Technology Transfer for the African Region in Hazardous Waste Management. The vision of the Center is to assist parties to the convention in Africa in effectively implementing the Basel Convention and its amendments and meeting their obligations on transboundary movements of hazardous and other wastes. It is also to strengthen African countries in the Environmentally Sound Management (ESM) of hazardous and other wastes as a contribution to promoting sustainable livelihoods and attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
Fecaclubs UNESCO works to foster the use of ICT for educational development-both roles it seek to enhance in actualising efforts through best practices and in cooperation with the private sector, the government and civil society in making available the benefits of new technology, especially information and communication in the perspective of the Millennium Develpment Goals (MDGs).
Other envisaged project domains in the ICT sector including using e-learning technical platforms for education, connectivity through wireless satellite in rural nets and e-waste highlights.
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is the UN specialized agency responsible for Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) and has a cross-sectional membership of 193 countries, over 700 private-sector entities and over 40 academic institutions.
As part of its mandate, ITU develops standards, policies, strategies and best practices to develop innovative solutions to tackle e-waste, combat climate change and promote environmental sustainability using ICTs.
ITU provides technical and policy assistance to developing countries, including support to develop legislation on e-waste, whereas ITU symposia and workshops aim to raise awareness on the dangers of e-waste and to encourage the consideration of e-waste management in the design of ICT national policies.
Furthermore, ITU-T Study Group 5 is responsible for environmental protection and recycling of ICT equipment/facilities, analyzing the effects on the environment of products and manufacturing processes and studying ways to minimize them.
Among others, ITU approved Recommendation ITU-T L.1000 (Universal power adapter and charger solution for mobile terminals and other hand-held ICT devices) which details a one-size fits all universal charger solution compatible with a variety of consumer electronic devices, reducing waste and improving convenience to end users. L.1000 will eliminate 82,000 tonnes of redundant chargers and at least 13.6 million tonnes of Co2 emissions annually.
Working in tight collaboration with governments, UN agencies, ICT industry, academia, and major global environmental stakeholders, ITU plays a leading role in fostering the use of ICTs to protect the environment and in providing coordination for technology innovation to respond to global environmental challenges faced by our societies such as e-waste. The Toolkit on End of Life Management for ICT Equipment is a good example.
The Division of Technology, Industry and Economics of United Nations Environment Programme encourages decision makers in government, local authorities and industry to develop and implement policies, strategies and practices that are cleaner and safer, make efficient use of natural resources, ensure environmentally sound management of chemicals, reduce pollution and risks for humans and the environment, enable implementation of conventions and international agreements, and incorporate environmental costs.
The mandate of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) is to promote and accelerate inclusive and sustainable industrial development in developing countries and economies in transition.
UNIDO's vision is a world where economic development is inclusive and sustainable and economic progress is equitable. The Organization focuses on three main thematic areas:
- Poverty reduction through productive activities
- Trade capacity-building
- Energy and environment
United Nations University (UNU), commenced its operation in 1975 as autonomous organ of the UN General Assembly and functions as the UN arm for research, postgraduate training and knowledge dissemination. UNU is a co-founder of StEP. Among other activities UNU works on strategic sustainable development such as sustainable societies, Zero Emissions and IT & environment.
* Associate Members